Legal maxim

List of Latin Legal maxim used in CLAT , LL.B., Judiciary and entrance exam and for law students etc.

Legal maxim used in CLAT , LL.B., Judiciary exam etc.

         Legal maxim used in CLAT, LL.B., Judiciary exam, etc. commonly used maxim like, ab intio, adhoc, in rem, de facto, de jure, alibi, ultra vires, modus operandi, prima facie, etc.
1.              Ab initio:        from the beginning
2.              Actus reus:      the wrongful act
3.              Ad hoc:          for a particular purpose
4.              Ad infinitum:       without limit; forever
5.              Ad interim:       in the meantime
6.              Ad litem:       for the suit e.g. guardian ad litem [Or.31, r.3, C.P.C.]
7.              Ad valorem:      according to the value
8.              Alibi:      a plea by a person accused of an offence that he was ‘elsewhere’– that having regard to the time and place when and where he is alleged to have committed the offence, he could not have been present
9.              Aliter:       otherwise
10.          Amicus curiae: a friend of the court; one who voluntarily or on the invitation of the court, and not on the instructions of any party helps the court in any judicial proceedings
11.          Bona fide:       in good faith, acting or done in good faith
12.          Caveat emptor:       let the purchaser beware. A maxim implying that the buyer must be cautious, as the risk is his and not that of the seller
13.          Comtemporanea exposito eat optima et fortissima in lege:          a contemporaneous interpretation is the best and strongest in law
14.          De facto:       in fact; an expression indicating the actual state of circumstances independently of any remote question of right or title
15.          De jure:      in law; independent of what obtains in fact
16.          De novo:        a new
17.          Ex-gratia:       as a matter of grace or favour
18.          Ex-officio:        by virtue of an office
19.          Ex post facto:        by a subsequent act; by virtue of a thing done after some particular event; done after another thing and operating retrospectively
20.          Fait accompli:        an accomplished fact
21.          In pari materia:       in an analogous cause, case or position
22.          In personam:       an act or proceeding done or directed again or with reference to a specific person
23.          In presenti:        at the present time, at once; immediately effective
24.          In rem:       an act or proceeding done or directed with the reference to no specific person or with reference to all whom it might concern
25.          Injuria sine damno:       injury without damage; infringement of a right without causing damage
26.          Inter alia:       amongst other things
27.          Ipso jure:       by the law, itself
28.          Locus standi:      signifies a right to be heard
29.          Mens rea:      A guilty mind
30.          Mesne profits:         the profits which a person in wrongful possession of the property actually received or might with ordinary diligence have received therefrom together with interest on such profits excluding the profits due to the improvement made by the person in wrongful possession
31.          Modus operandi:       mode of  operating; the way in which a thing, cause, etc. operates; the way in which a person goes to work; 2. a distinct pattern or method of procedure thought to be characteristic of an individual criminal and habitually followed by him
32.          Nemo dat quod non habet:        no men can transfer better title than he himself has
33.          Noscitur  a socio:       one is known by his companions; the meaning of a word or expression is to be gathered from the surrounding words, that is from the context
34.          Onus probandi:        the burden of proving; the burden of proof
35.          Prima facie:       on the face of it; at first sight, arising at first sight based on the first impression,
36.          Res gestae:         acts; declarations and incidents accompanying or explaining the fact any issue or which are Deemed to constitute the fact in issue, the fact so connected with a fact in issue as to form part of the same transaction
37.          Res judicata:         a case or suit already decided
38.          Stare decisis:          to stand by things decided; to abide by precedents where the same points come again in litigation
39.          Transfer inter vivos:         transfer between living persons
40.          Ultra vires:        beyond one’s powers


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